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Computer keyboard shortcut keys

  • Shortcut keys ABCs.
  • Basic PC shortcut keys.
  • PC shortcut keys for special characters.
  • Microsoft Windows shortcut keys.
  • Apple shortcut keys.
  • Linux and Unix shortcut keys.
  • F1 – F12 function keys.
  • Top 10 keyboard shortcuts.
  • Microsoft Excel shortcut keys.
  • Microsoft Word shortcut keys.
  • Google Chrome shortcut keys.
  • Internet Explorer shortcut keys.
  • Microsoft FrontPage shortcut keys.
  • Microsoft Outlook shortcut keys.
  • Mozilla Firefox keyboard shortcuts.
  • YouTube keyboard shortcuts.
  • Keyboard terms.
  • How do I create a Windows shortcut key?

Shortcut keys ABCs

Shortcut keys help provide an easier and quicker method of navigating and executing commands in computer software. Shortcut keys are commonly accessed by using the Alt key (on IBM compatible computers), Command key (on Apple computers), Ctrl key, or Shift key in conjunction with another key. The de facto standard for listing a shortcut is listing the modifier key, a plus symbol, and another key. In other words, “Ctrl+S” is telling you to press and hold the Ctrl key, and then press the S key too.

File menu with underlined shortcut letters - The Internet Tips
File menu with underlined shortcut letters – The Internet Tips

You can also find the shortcut keys in popular programs by looking for underlined letters in their menus. For example, the file menu image has an underline on the “F” in File, which means you can press the Alt key and then the “F” key to access the file menu.

Some programs require the user to press and hold Alt to see the underlined characters. In the image above, you can see that some of the common features, such as Open (Ctrl+O) and Save (Ctrl+S), have shortcut keys assigned to them. As you begin to memorize shortcut keys, you’ll notice that many applications share them. We have a list of the most commonly shared ones in the basic PC shortcut keys section.Tip

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Users outside the United States or who have a non-US copy of Microsoft Windows or a Microsoft application may not be able to use all the shortcut keys listed below.

Basic PC shortcut keys

Below is a list of some of the most commonly used basic shortcut keys that work with IBM compatible computers and software. It is highly recommended that all users keep a reference to these shortcut keys or try to memorize them. Doing so will dramatically increase your productivity.Tip

Besides the special character shortcuts listed here, some are also located on the number keys (below the F1 – F12 keys). You can enter these special characters by pressing the Shift key and the number key that has the special character listed on it.

Shortcut KeysDescription
Alt+FFile menu options in current program.
Alt+EOpen Edit options in current program.
Alt+TabSwitch between open programs.
F1View help information (F1 is used by almost every Windows program to display help).
F2Rename a selected file.
F5Refresh the current program window.
Ctrl+DBookmarks the current page in most Internet browsers.
Ctrl+NCreate a new or blank document in some software, or open a new tab in most Internet browsers.
Ctrl+OOpen a file in the current software.
Ctrl+ASelect all text.
Ctrl+BChange selected text to be bold.
Ctrl+IChange selected text to be in italics.
Ctrl+UChange selected text to be underlined.
Ctrl+FOpen find window for current document or window.
Ctrl+SSave current document file.
Ctrl+XCut selected item.
Shift+DelCut selected item.
Ctrl+CCopy selected item.
Ctrl+InsCopy selected item
Ctrl+YRedo last action.
Ctrl+ZUndo last action.
Ctrl+KInsert hyperlink for selected text.
Ctrl+PPrint the current page or document.
HomeGoes to beginning of current line.
Ctrl+HomeGoes to beginning of document.
EndGoes to end of current line.
Ctrl+EndGoes to end of document.
Shift+HomeHighlights from current position to beginning of line.
Shift+EndHighlights from current position to end of line.
Ctrl+Left arrowMoves one word to the left at a time.
Ctrl+Right arrowMoves one word to the right at a time.
Ctrl+EscOpen the Start menu.
Ctrl+Shift+EscOpen Windows Task Manager.
Alt+F4Close the currently active program.
Alt+EnterOpen the properties for the selected item (file, folder, shortcut, etc.).

PC shortcut keys for special characters

Many special characters can be created using keyboard shortcuts. Below are some of the more common and popular special characters and the keyboard shortcuts to create them.

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Shortcut KeysSpecial Character
Alt+0176°  (degree symbol)
Alt+0177±  (plus/minus symbol)
Alt+0128€  (Euro currency)
Alt+0162¢  (Cent symbol)
Alt+0163£  (British Pound currency)
Alt+0165¥  (Japanese Yen currency)

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